State of Ohio First Grade Science Content Standards
Earth and Space Science
Sun, Energy, & Weather
The sun is the principal source of energy.
1. Sunlight warms Earth’s land, air and water. The amount of exposure to sunlight affects the amount of warming or cooling of air, water and land.
The physical properties of water can change.
2. These changes occur due to changing energy. Water can change from a liquid to a solid and from a solid to a liquid. Weather observations can be used to examine the property changes of water.
Basic Needs of Living Things
Living things have basic needs, which are met by obtaining materials from the physical environment.
3. Living things require energy, water and a particular range of temperatures in their environments.
4. Plants get energy from sunlight. Animals get energy from plants and other animals.
5. Living things acquire resources from the living and nonliving components of the environment.
Living things survive only in environments that meet their needs.
6. Resources are necessary to meet the needs of an individual and populations of individuals. Living things interact with their physical environments as they meet those needs.
7. Effects of seasonal changes within the local environment directly impact the availability of resources.
Motion & Materials
Properties of objects and materials can change.
8. Objects and materials change when exposed to various conditions, such as heating or freezing. Not all materials change in the same way.
Objects can be moved in a variety of ways, such as straight, zigzag, circular and back and forth.
9. The position of an object can be described by locating it relative to another object or to the object’s surroundings.
10. An object is in motion when its position is changing.
11. The motion of an object can be affected by pushing or pulling. A push or pull is a force that can make an object move faster, slower or go in a different direction.